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Op-Ed: Zika outbreak bears an eerie resemblance to the spread of Ebola - Los Angeles Times, Feb. 8, 2016

U.S Panel Deems "Three Parent Babies" Ethical to Test - Smithsonian Magazine, Feb. 8, 2016

Testing Genetically Modified Mitochondrial DNA Permitted - U.S. News & World Report, Feb. 4, 2016

IOM: Mitochondrial Replacement “Ethically Permissible” - The Scientist, Feb. 4, 2015

Three-parent DNA treatment for rare defect raises debate - PBS, Feb. 3, 2016

AP News Guide: Facts about gene editing as Britain OKs study - Associated Press, Feb. 1, 2016

The staggering economic cost of air pollution - Washington Post, Jan. 29, 2016

Humans Implicated in String of Record-Warmth Years - National Geographic, Jan. 28, 2016

Ridding research reactors of highly enriched uranium to take decades longer than projected - Science, Jan. 28, 2016

Weapons scientists need hands-on experience, panel says - Physics Today, Jan. 27, 2016

Science and science fiction collide in BOOM! Studios comic Venus - Entertainment Weekly, Jan. 27, 2016

Science Teachers Need More Training to Get Ready for Next Generation Standards - Education Week, Jan. 21, 2016

Has The World Learned The Wrong Lessons From The Ebola Outbreak? - NPR, Jan. 19, 2016

Health Experts Call for $4.5 Billion Annually to Fight Pandemics - Wall Street Journal, Jan. 14, 2016

Health panel: Pump new billions into disease outbreaks—or else - Science, Jan. 14, 2016

Scientists Help Movie Writers Make Films ‘Plausible-ish’ - Wall Street Journal, Jan. 11, 2016

Government revises Dietary Guidelines for Americans: Go ahead and have some eggs - Washington Post, Jan. 7, 2016

Should We Engineer Future Humans? - Pacific Standard, Dec. 28, 2015

Gray water and stormwater can help in the drought, but risk needs to be studied, researchers say - Los Angeles Times, Dec. 16, 2015

Can The Creation of 'Human GMOs' Cure Genetic Diseases? - Forbes, Dec. 16, 2015

If You Could Design Your Baby's Genes, Would You? - Politico, Dec. 9, 2015

Heavy bitumen crude oil from Canada poses an extra environmental risk, study finds - Minneapolis Star Tribune, Dec. 8, 2015

Nurses take on more tasks, still lack in diversity - Modern Healthcare, Dec. 4, 2015

"Improving" Humans with Customized Genes Sparks Debate among Scientists - Scientific American, Dec. 3, 2015

Perspective: Embryo editing needs scrutiny - Nature, Dec. 2, 2015

The promise of gene editing - BBC News, Dec. 1, 2015

Historic summit on gene editing and ‘designer babies’ convenes in Washington - Washington Post, Dec. 1, 2015

Summit Opens Debate on Ethics of Gene Editing - Associated Press, Dec. 1, 2015
 

Feb. 8, 2016

NAE Elects 80 Members and 22 Foreign Members


NAE New Members 2016The National Academy of Engineering has elected 80 new members and 22 foreign members, announced NAE President C.D. (Dan) Mote Jr. today. This brings the total U.S. membership to 2,275 and the number of foreign members to 232.

Election to the National Academy of Engineering is among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer. A list of the newly elected members and foreign members is available, with their primary affiliations at the time of election and a brief statement of their principal engineering accomplishments.


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Feb. 3, 2016

Clinical Investigations of Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques Are 'Ethically Permissible'


©vchal/iStock/ThinkstockConducting clinical investigations of mitochondrial replacement techniques (MRT) in humans is ethically permissible as long as significant conditions are met, says a new Academies report. One of those conditions, among many laid out in the report, is that initial MRT clinical investigations should be limited to women who are at risk of transmitting a severe mitochondrial genetic disease that could lead to a child's early death or substantial impairment. Read More


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Jan. 28, 2016

Reducing the Use of Highly Enriched Uranium in Civilian Research Reactors


©bastetamn/iStock/ThinstockEfforts to convert civilian research reactors from weapon-grade highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuels are taking significantly longer than anticipated, says a congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report calls for the federal government to take immediate steps to convert civilian research reactors currently using weapon-grade HEU fuel to a lower-enriched HEU fuel while awaiting the qualification of new LEU fuel. Additionally, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy should develop a long-term strategy to evaluate future civilian needs for neutrons to meet U.S. science and technology objectives and how these could best be provided by research reactors and other sources. Read More


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Jan. 27, 2016

Alan Alda to Receive Public Welfare Medal, Academy's Most Prestigious Award


Alan Alda to Receive Public Welfare MedalThe National Academy of Sciences is presenting its 2016 Public Welfare Medal to actor, director, writer, and science communicator Alan Alda in recognition of his "extraordinary application of the skills honed as an actor to communicating science on television and stage, and by teaching scientists innovative techniques that allow them to tell their stories to the public." The medal is the Academy's most prestigious award, established in 1914 and presented annually to honor extraordinary use of science for the public good. Read More


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Jan. 26, 2016

Increase in the Number of Children Who Receive Federal Disability Benefits for Speech and Language Disorders Similar to Trends in the General Population


© MarkPiovesan/iStock/Getty ImagesThe increase in the number of children from low-income families who are receiving federal disability benefits for speech and language disorders over the past decade parallels the rise in the prevalence of these disorders among all U.S. children, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report's findings underscore the long-term and profound impact of severe speech and language disorders on children, as well as the degree to which children with such disorders can be expected to be a "significant presence" in the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. Read More


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Jan. 26, 2016

New Report Finds Near-Term Update to Social Cost of Carbon Unwarranted


©PinkBadger/iStock/ThinkstockThere would not be sufficient benefit to updating estimates of the social cost of carbon (SCC) within a year based only on the revision of a specific parameter in the existing framework used by the government's interagency group to measure the SCC, says a new interim report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The committee that is conducting the study and wrote the report considered whether a near-term change is warranted on the basis of updating the probability distribution for equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) -- a parameter that translates carbon dioxide emissions to global temperature change -- and that was updated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its most recent Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Because ECS is only one input to the framework used to estimate the SCC, updating the ECS alone may not significantly improve the estimates.


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Jan. 21, 2016

Honoring Outstanding Achievement in Science


Honoring Outstanding Achievement in ScienceSince 1886, the National Academy of Sciences has honored outstanding scientific achievement through its awards program. NAS announced the 2016 winners of various awards this month. 


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Jan. 20, 2016

K-12 Science Teachers Need Sustained Professional Learning Opportunities to Teach New Science Standards, Report Says


©monkeybusinessimages/iStock/ThinkstockAs researchers' and teachers' understanding of how best to learn and teach science evolves and curricula are redesigned, many teachers are left without the experience needed to enhance the science and engineering courses they teach, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. This issue is particularly pronounced in elementary schools and in schools that serve a high percentage of low-income students. The committee that conducted the study and wrote the report found a lack of coherent learning opportunities for science teachers across their careers and recommended changes to current systems for supporting teachers' professional development inside and outside the classroom. Read More


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Jan. 14, 2016

Examining Barriers and Opportunities for STEM Degrees


© Vyacheslav Shramko/Getty ImagesA new Academies report outlines the barriers faced by two- and four-year undergraduates who intend to major in STEM disciplines and opportunities for overcoming these barriers. The report provides research-based guidance to inform policies and programs that aim to attract and retain these students.


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Jan. 12, 2016

Socio-economic Status in Medicare Payment Programs


Recent health care payment reforms aim to better align Medicare payment strategies with the goal of improving the quality of care provided. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services asked the Academies to identify social risk factors that affect the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries and how to account for these factors in Medicare payment programs. The Academies' study will be conducted in phases and produce five consensus reports. The first report in this series, issued today, defines socio-economic position and identifies social factors -- such as race, health literacy, and limited English proficiency -- that have been shown to influence the health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries.


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Jan. 8, 2015

World's Largest Gathering of Transportation Professionals


Transportation Research Board's 95th annual meetingAt least 12,000 people from more than 70 countries -- including policymakers, administrators, practitioners, and researchers from government, industry, and academia -- are expected to attend the Transportation Research Board 95th Annual Meeting. The event is returning to the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C., from Jan. 10-14, and will involve more than 5,000 presentations at over 800 sessions and workshops covering all transportation modes. Approximately 75 sessions will address one or more of three hot topics: transformation technologies, resilience, and transportation and public health.


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Jan. 8, 2016

New Report Finds No Significant Increase in Health Risks for 1960s Project SHAD Veterans


No Significant Increase in Health Risks for Project SHAD VetsVeterans who participated in a series of tests during the 1960s known as Project SHAD (Shipboard Hazard and Defense) show no significant increase in adverse health outcomes, specific causes of death, or death rates compared with a similar group of veterans who were not involved in the tests, says a new report from a committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The congressionally mandated report builds on a 2007 Institute of Medicine report, which also found no consistent, specific patterns of poorer health among SHAD veterans. In addition, although the 2007 report suggested an increased risk of death from heart disease for SHAD veterans, the committee that wrote the new report found no such increased risk after analyzing cause-of-death data from seven additional years of follow-up. Read More


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IF15.1 Spring/Summer 2015

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Vol. 15/No. 1 Spring/Summer 2015

Report to Congress 2014  cover

View the latest Report to Congress that details the National Academies' work for 2014.